Foot Health


Genetic Factors

In some cases, the roots of Hallux Rigidus can be traced back to one’s genetic makeup. Some people are born with a foot structure that predisposes them to develop this condition. For instance, having a longer first metatarsal bone or an elevated first metatarsal bone can contribute to the onset of Hallux Rigidus. It’s worth noting that genetic factors often interact with environmental factors to trigger the development of such conditions.

Overuse and Physical Activity

Frequent engagement in intense physical activities that put an excessive amount of stress on the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint can lead to Hallux Rigidus. Activities that involve squatting, jumping, or running can increase the pressure on the big toe, leading to wear and tear over time.

Previous Injury

The onset of Hallux Rigidus can often be attributed to previous injuries to the toe. These might include severe sprains or fractures that damage the cartilage in the joint. Over time, this damage can lead to the development of Hallux Rigidus.

Aging and Wear and Tear

As we age, our joints naturally undergo wear and tear. This progressive degeneration can lead to osteoarthritis, including in the big toe, causing Hallux Rigidus. The risk of developing this condition, therefore, increases with age.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that results in inflammation in the joints, which can lead to the development of Hallux Rigidus. It is characterized by an overactive immune response that mistakenly attacks the body’s own tissues, including those in the joints.


Gout is a form of arthritis that frequently affects the big toe. Over time, gout can cause damage to the joint, leading to conditions such as Hallux Rigidus. This condition is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness, often in the joint at the base of the big toe.


Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease, can affect any joint in the body, including the big toe, and is a common cause of Hallux Rigidus. This condition is characterized by the breakdown of the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of bones, causing pain and stiffness.

Flat Feet

People with flat feet or fallen arches may be more susceptible to developing Hallux Rigidus. This is because the altered foot mechanics can lead to excessive pressure on the big toe. Over time, this can damage the MTP joint and cause conditions like Hallux Rigidus.


Bunions are a common foot disorder that can change the angle of the toes, putting extra stress on the MTP joint. Over time, this increased pressure can lead to conditions like Hallux Rigidus.

Inflammatory Diseases

Certain inflammatory diseases, such as psoriatic arthritis or lupus, can also lead to Hallux Rigidus by impacting the health of the joints. These conditions are characterized by chronic inflammation, which can eventually cause joint damage and conditions like Hallux Rigidus.

Each of these potential causes contributes to the complex nature of Hallux Rigidus. It’s essential to understand that it is often a combination of these factors that leads to the condition. Consulting a healthcare provider is necessary if you suspect you might be developing Hallux Rigidus or are experiencing symptoms.